Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte. The classic Gothic novel, and the only work ever written by Emily Bronte. It was first published in 1847 under the pseudonym Ellis Bell, and a posthumous second edition was edited by her sister Charlotte. The name of the novel comes from the Yorkshire manor on the moors on which the story centers (as an adjective; "wuthering" is from a Yorkshire word used when referring to turbulent weather). The narrative tells the tale of the all-encompassing and passionate, yet thwarted, love between Heathcliff and Catherine Earnshaw, and how this unresolved passion eventually destroys them and many around them. Now considered a must have classic of English literature, Wuthering Heights met with mixed reviews by critics when it first appeared, mainly because of the narrative's stark depiction of mental and physical cruelty. Though Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre was initially considered the best of the Bronte sisters' works, many subsequent critics of Wuthering Heights argued that its originality and achievement made Wuthering Heights far superior. Wuthering Heights has also given rise to many adaptations and inspired works, including films, radio, television dramatizations, and even a musical.
About the Author
Born in Thornton, Yorkshire, England, on July 30, 1818, Emily Jane Bronte lived a quiet life in Yorkshire with her clergyman father; brother, Branwell Bronte; and two sisters, Charlotte and Anne. The sisters enjoyed writing poetry and novels, which they published under pseudonyms. As "Ellis Bell," Emily wrote Wuthering Heights (1847)-her only published novel-which garnered wide critical and commerical acclaim. Emily Bronte died in Haworth, Yorkshire, England, on December 19, 1848-the same year that her brother, Branwell, passed away. http: //www.biography.com/people/emily-bronte-9227381.